In America, over 23 million homes use well water rather than public water systems. Almost all of those households require a well water pump for adequate pressure.
If you’re moving to a new home with a well or want to improve your current setup, it’s important to know the basics of well water pumps. The following guide will cover every factor to consider before choosing the right water pumps for wells.
Read on before making a decision to get the most efficiency out of your next pump.
First, consider the size of your home to help get an idea of the type of pump and model you need. Also, think about the different kinds of appliances you have that use water in your home.
Keep in mind that well water pump manufacturers normally measure pump sizes based on GPM (gallons per minute). For example, a 12 GPM pump can provide a four-bedroom house with enough water.
Meeting your specific needs means that you can use every water fixture and appliance each day without any issues.
Submersible well water pumps work inside water and involve a valve, motor, and pump. This kind of only works correctly if it’s completely submerged. You can check out Franklin Electric submersible pumps for examples.
Jet pumps are another popular option that homeowners with wells use. It’s a pump with a motor that forces water through at very high speeds. They work great as deep well water pump options that need a little extra power.
Some homeowners that use well water select a centrifugal pump. They come with a fan and use a rotation method to move water. They lack the suction of other pump types but sometimes cost less.
A water pump’s efficiency largely depends on its flow rate. The flow rate has to do with the time it takes for the pump to move a specific amount of water. Generally, the calculation documents how many liters per minute get pumped.
You want to select a pump that can move enough water for your home’s needs. For things like farming or water for job sites, you want a flow rate above 2500 liters per minute. However, a standard house usually only needs a flow rate of about 200 liters per minute.
Always check a pump’s capacity before you make a purchase. The capacity represents what the pump needs to move a certain amount of water.
Typically, the energy or capacity comes in the form of electricity. The best pump capacity for your home depends on the needed water depth and discharge.
Note that well water pumps with high capacity often work much better but also use more electricity than other options.
Selecting a Well Water Pump
Before you buy a well water pump, elevate your house size, appliances, flow rate, and capacity. Also, factor in your budget and what you’d like your utility bills to look like after installing a pump because some require more electricity than others.
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